Pediatric Stroke | Romanucci & Blandin
The pediatric stroke risk is higher for babies when they are newborns, and there is even a risk of it occurring during delivery. If the baby suffers from a stroke, it is essential that they receive immediate medical attention in order to avoid permanent brain damage or medical conditions such as cerebral palsy. Unfortunately, there are times that even with immediate medical attention, the baby could still develop cerebral palsy.
Strokes occur if the blood supply is cut off to part of the baby’s brain. There are two different types of strokes:
- Hemorrhagic stroke-when brain vessels are ruptured because of trauma. This can be caused from usage of a vacuum extractor or forceps during delivery.
- Ischemic stroke-when brain arteries are blocked by a clot. This can also be caused from usage of a vacuum extractor or forceps during delivery.
Babies who suffer from a stroke can also suffer from seizures, which can cause them to suffer from further brain injury. If a baby is at risk for a stroke, they need to be monitored very closely for seizures or other medical problems. If a baby has a seizure, it puts them at a higher risk of suffering from permanent brain damage or cerebral palsy.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of a Stroke?
In many cases, the only sign of a stroke is seen through EEG activity. Babies may also exhibit other signs and symptoms, including:
- Developmental delays
- Difficulty feeding
- Early preference for using one hand over the other
- Trouble breathing or pauses in breathing
What are the Causes and Risk Factors?
The most common risk factors for a neonatal stroke include:
- Fetomaternal hemorrhaging
- Gestational diabetes
- Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE)
- Placental abruption
- Placental thrombosis
- Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM)
- Trauma caused by the inappropriate use of vacuum extractors or forceps during delivery
How are Strokes Diagnosed?
It is so important that a baby is diagnosed and treated early so the baby receives proper care. There are a few different tests that can be used to diagnose a stroke, including:
- Blood tests
- Cranial ultrasound
- CT scan (computed tomography)
- CTA (computed tomography angiography)
- Lumbar puncture
- MRA (magnetic resonance angiography)
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)
- MRV (magnetic resonance venography)
Free Consultation with a Chicago Birth Injury Attorney
RB Law has experience handling birth injury cases for problems resulting from a neonatal stroke. Physicians need to closely monitor both the mother and the baby if there are any risk factors for the baby suffering from a stroke and they must be very skilled at handling any complications that come up during labor and delivery to avoid a birth injury. If your baby has suffered from a neonatal stroke as a result of medical negligence, you need to contact a proficient birth injury attorney right away to help you get the compensation you deserve.
If you have questions regarding your birth injury case, contact us today for a free consultation at (312) 458-1000, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.